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Bunny Care 101: Everything You Need to Know to Keep Your Bunny Happy and Healthy


Are you considering getting a bunny as a pet? Or maybe you already have one but want to ensure you’re providing the best care possible? In either case, this article is for you! Bunny care goes beyond just providing food and shelter; it requires attention to their physical and emotional needs. In this Bunny Care 101 guide, we will cover all the essentials to keep your bunny happy and healthy.

Housing and Environment

The bunny’s living space is crucial for their overall well-being. When it comes to housing, a rabbit needs a spacious and safe environment to thrive. A rabbit hutch with plenty of room for hopping around and stretching their legs is ideal. Additionally, make sure their living area is protected from extreme temperatures, drafts, and direct sunlight.

Providing mental stimulation is equally important. Bunnies love to explore, so consider adding toys and tunnels to their living space. This will keep them entertained and prevent boredom.

Feeding and Nutrition

A proper diet is essential for your bunny’s health. Hay is the foundation of their diet and should make up the majority of their food intake. It is important to provide unlimited access to fresh, high-quality hay, such as timothy or orchard grass hay. Hay not only aids in digestion but also keeps their teeth healthy.

In addition to hay, bunnies should also be given leafy green vegetables daily. These can include romaine lettuce, spinach, kale, and cilantro. Remember to introduce new vegetables slowly to avoid digestive issues. Avoid feeding them iceberg lettuce as it lacks nutritional value and can cause diarrhea.

Water is equally important. Make sure to provide your bunny with fresh water daily. A heavy ceramic bowl is recommended to prevent tipping, but a water bottle can also be used.

Grooming and Hygiene

Proper grooming is essential to keep your bunny’s coat and skin healthy. Regular brushing is important to remove loose fur, prevent matting, and reduce hairballs. Use a soft brush specifically designed for rabbits to gently brush their fur.

Some bunnies may require nail trimming. Overgrown nails can cause discomfort and even lead to health issues. If you’re unsure how to trim your bunny’s nails, consult a veterinarian or a professional groomer.

Additionally, bunnies are clean animals that will groom themselves. However, they can sometimes need assistance with grooming their bottom. Check their bottom daily for any signs of fecal matter sticking to their fur, as this can lead to serious health issues. If necessary, gently clean the affected area with a damp cloth.

Exercise and Playtime

Bunnies are active animals that need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. Provide your bunny with at least a few hours of supervised playtime outside of their enclosure every day. This allows them to stretch their legs, explore their surroundings, and engage in natural behaviors.

Create a safe and bunny-proofed area for playtime. Remove any potential hazards, such as cables, toxic plants, and small objects that your bunny could chew on or ingest. Close off areas that you don’t want your bunny to access, ensuring their safety.

Socialization and Bonding

Bunnies are social animals and thrive with companionship. If possible, consider getting a pair of bunnies as they can keep each other company and provide mental stimulation. However, be aware that not all bunnies get along, and introductions should be done gradually and under supervision.

If you only have one bunny, it is crucial to provide ample social interaction. Spend quality time with your bunny daily, engaging in gentle petting, talking, and playing. This helps build trust between you and your bunny and prevents behavioral issues.

Medical Care and Veterinary Visits

Regular veterinary care is essential to ensure your bunny’s health. Find a rabbit-savvy veterinarian who can provide routine check-ups and vaccinations, as well as address any health concerns. It is important to monitor your bunny’s eating habits, weight, and droppings for any signs of illness.


Congratulations on taking the initiative to learn about bunny care! By following the advice in this Bunny Care 101 guide, you are well on your way to providing a happy and healthy life for your furry friend. Remember to always prioritize their housing, nutrition, grooming, exercise, socialization, and medical care. Your bunny will thank you with their playful hops and happy binkies!

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